In what is the fourth ruling determining that Deliveroo riders are self – employed, the UK Court of Appeal has confirmed that the riders are classified as self – employed , dismissing an appeal by the IWGB union.

This fourth ruling follows decisions by two High Court judgements and the Central Arbitration Committee.Riders for Deliveroo , the food delivery giant , cannot form a collective bargaining unit , argued the Court of Appeal, as they are not in an “employment relationship” with the company..One rider, giving evidence on behalf of Deliveroo , explained that he “regularly engages a substitute by giving his friend his App to download and password details.

“The Appeal Court ruled the riders did not have an obligation to provide services personally and that this was a “material factor”.